New research by Boston Consulting Group (BCG) highlights that spectrum enables 3.4% of GDP for the top 20 ICT nations from a range of sources, including employment, non-oil revenue, technological adoption, and investment deployment.
The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies from 3 kilohertz (kHz) to 300 gigahertz (GHz) that carries radio signals that enable wireless connectivity.
“As the demand for connectivity increases, the additional spectrum will become a prerequisite for meeting these needs in the new digital economy. Electromagnetic spectrum plays a key role in this context, as an enabler of future innovation,” said David Panhans, Managing Director and Partner at BCG.
The future possibilities for spectrum are significant with the emergence of new use cases and innovation, particularly in the Middle East, where technological adoption and economic diversification are high on the agenda for many nations. For example, Internet of Things (IoT) networks are powering Industry 4.0; unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are changing the face of logistics; private 5G networks are changing the dynamics of the telecom industry, to name a few.
“There are significant economic benefits of facilitating access to spectrum. In addition to enabling larger capacity and higher download speeds than in existing networks, it helps network operators to meet growing traffic demand and secure good user experience,” said Thibault Werle, Managing Director, and Partner at BCG.
Spectrum Management is a Matter of National Interest
Increasing global demand presents a challenge for spectrum scarcity. However, traditional ways of allocating spectrum have created multiple challenges to be addressed.
BCG’s report identifies three key areas for further review:
Competing demands from various users and sectors for similar spectrum bands highlight the imperative to understand the overlapping and conflicting needs users. Suboptimal allocations may increase the risk of interference, making it difficult for users to share the same bands, limit the benefits of economies of scale, and delay the adoption of new and emerging technologies, negatively affecting various economic sectors. In resolving such issues, countries will need a way to assess the value of each assignment not only to the user but also to the broader population, where there is a wide range of efforts that must be considered:
Given the changing demand and supply, countries need to implement a balanced spectrum strategy that requires a thorough understanding of the trends affecting spectrum, insight into the priorities of spectrum users and stakeholders, and knowledge of the supply. Spectrum managers need to consider the following:
A key set of enablers are needed to successfully transition spectrum managers to a more strategic role, rather than the traditional administrative role. These enablers include engagement and open communication, market-oriented rules and regulations, broader skill sets, and emerging technologies:
“Countries should adopt a new, flexible, and forward-looking model before their spectrum is locked up by legacy contracts that make it difficult, and perhaps even impossible, to accommodate innovations or essential services in a timely fashion. Countries that fail to respond may forego the economic benefits of spectrum. Reshuffling the spectrum in the future may be too costly owing to sunk investments in equipment and the deployment of systems—or it may be too late to capitalize on industries’ digital transformations.” said Faisal Hamady, Principal at BCG.
“Given the vast economic potential at stake, a new approach to management and regulation needs to accommodate these new use cases. It’s within all nations’ best interests to effectively recalibrate how the management of this finite, yet valuable resource is handled,” concluded Rüdiger Schicht, Managing Director and Senior Partner, BCG Zurich.